Allen Spears was Richard White's great great grandfather.
Allen Spears served in the 12th Georgia Militia, Company K. I
believe that is the same unit in which Luke Rehberg served. I
Luke Rehberg's unit designation from his Georgia Confederate pension
but was not able to find any record the 12th Georgia State Troops which
it stated to have been his unit. There are no surviving muster
rolls for the 12th Georgia Militia to prove this, but I believe that
the 12th Georgia State Troops and the 12th Georgia Militia were one and
Allen Spears was the father of Sarah Spears, who married her third
my great grandfather William A. White... in Thomas County,
on 23 January 1873. U.S. Census records for 1850 and 1860 show
Allen Spears was born in South Carolina (probably in Marlboro County)
about 1821 (or possibly earlier back as far as 1812), and indicate that
for a considerable time in Thomas County, Georgia. He married
Ridley in Wilkinson County, Georgia, on 2 August 1836. She was
in Georgia, about 1821. Her father was Robert Ridley, Sr., and
her mother was
Nancy Mackey, daughter of William G. Mackey, Sr. and "Hoppie
Micoy". "Hoppie Micoy" is a Creek Indian title indicating that
she was widow of a Creek chief called Hoppie Mico (Far Away).
When I initially researched the identity of Hopie Mico I figured that
he was also known as Big Warrior (Tustunuggee Thlucco) and served as
chief from 1802 till 1824 or 1825, at which time he died in Washington,
DC. However, that was before I figured out that the "oy" (oye) on
the end of her title meant "widow of". Since Big Warrior
didn't die till 1825 and as best can be told from later census records
the marriage to William G. Mackey would date to the mid1790s, that
throws everything about Big Warrior out the window. The only
Creek chief that I am aware of being called Hopie Micco and who died in
the 1790s was Alexander McGillivray, and Alexander McGillivray was
considered to have had several wives... but to date I have found
nothing identifying them or specificly linking William G. Mackey's wife
to Alexander McGillivray. William G. Mackey's father Daniel
Mackey operated a trading post at Old Oconee Town during approximately
the period of the American Revolution. That trading post was then
deep into Creek Indian lands, and far from the small European colonial
settlements then limited to a tiny enclave in the northeast coastal
area of Georgia. Around 1800 the frontier crashed through the
area and rolled on west with nearly lightning speed. What one
finds if one looks past changes in political boundaries, changes in
names for the same places, etc., is that if William G. Mackey ever left
what could be called the immediate area of his father's old trading
post, it was only by a handful of miles. Old Oconee Town, the
Rock Landing, Fort Wilkinson... those were all successive names for
very nearly the exact same place. After the frontier thundered
past and Georgia counties were created in the area, Old Oconee Town
ended up in Baldwin County... but you could pretty much throw a stone
from its former fields, into Wilkinson County.
Although there are several pages in his Compiled Confederate Service Record, they refer to the one original document concerning Allen Spears, his parole not to bear arms against the United States of America until exchanged as a prisoner of war. That parole was dated 12 May 1865, and was signed by him at Thomasville, Georgia. In it his physical description was Height: 5 ft. 10 inches, Hair: Gray, Eyes: Blue, Complexion: Light.
There was a center for repair of railroad rolling stock in Thomasville, and a number of Union prisoners of war were held in the vicinity. I am unaware of any records of the activities of Allen Spears' unit, but presume it likely that it's mission was to guard these facilities and prisoners of war. Based on information in pension applications, the 12th Georgia Militia, Company K, was involved in the defense of Atlanta including building the trenches, revetting and cheval de frise before the battle; and it is thought that it was involved in guarding railroads in various parts of Georgia.
Allen Spears died on 14 March 1879 and is apparently buried in an unmarked grave three graves south of the marked graves of his sons Harrison W. and Winfred G. Spears (aka W. H. and W. G. Spear) in the Old Thomasville Cemetery on North Broad Street, Thomasville, Thomas County, Georgia. An unusual notation by Mr. Joe Craigmiles in his inventory of Thomas County, Georgia, cemeteries, indicates that Allen Spears "lived near Gallin's Mill on the Moultrie Road".
This is a copy of Allen Spears' parole from the Union Army:
The grave with the small wooden cross shown in this photo of the Old Thomasville Cemetery, 3rd grave to the right of the marked graves of W.H. and W.G. Spear, is reputed to be that of Allen Spears, and presumably the grave to the immediate left would be that of Sarah Ridley Spears. It is my understanding that the cross was one of a number placed by Mr. Joe Cragmiles to mark the graves of Confederate veterans. Also note the sea shells (cockle shells) and the stump of a cedar tree at the head of Sarah Ridley Spears grave. Cedar trees and sea shells are common accouterments of a burial site for a person of Creek descent.
Allen Spear Estate Record Decatur County, Georgia
This page was created by Richard
White on 12 February 2000.
Changes to this page were last made by Richard White on 6 August 2008.