In Miles Kennan Womack', Jr.'s, Gadsden: A Florida County in Word and Picture, the existence of a medical effort centered in Quincy is dated to the passing of "Col. Holland's Florida Brigade" through the town. So far as can be determined, the "Col. Holland" so mentioned was D.P. Holland, who was irregularly appointed by Governor Perry in the days immediately following secession from the union, and before Governor John Milton took office. Col. Holland's tenure was very brief and limited to 1861, so apparently the ladies of Quincy became involved in medical affairs very early, probably before hostilities commenced in earnest, and continued that involvement throughout the war.
With little in the way of records to guide us it is difficult even to surmise how many Confederate soldiers lie buried in Soldiers Cemetery. Among other things, the plethora of volunteer units raised in the early months of the war were characterized more by enthusiasm than by organization, and it is a notable feature of the earlier days of units raised later on that their ranks were wracked by contagious disease and a conspicuous amount of death brought by such disease. It would be entirely reasonable to suspect that the earliest units had even more problems in this respect. Military training and routine operations with large numbers of armed men, too, can be inherently dangerous and there are accidental injuries and death. Later in the war it can be noted that there are known cases where recuperating soldiers did not recuperate, but suffered reverses and died... even after being sent home from hospitals in the most active theaters of the war. In the similar Confederate burial plot of the Old City Cemetery in nearby Tallahassee, a record of some of the burials was preserved, and many of those were from the period before units raised for Confederate service left the state... yet also included were burials of veterans up to at least a few years after the war was over.
For a rough guess at the possible number of burials, take the square footage of an area 50 feet by 117 feet ( 5,850 sq. ft.) and divide it by the amount of space one could easily fit a coffin into... say 3 feet by 7 feet (21 sq. ft.), and there could be approximately 278 burials in this plot. Were the deceased buried without benefit of coffins and anything resembling the assembly-line procedures used at a battle site or prisoner of war facility, for instance, there could be double that number (perhaps 556 burials); but these burials proceeded a few at a time at most and it would not be reasonable to assume such tight spacing. On the other hand, if a more relaxed spacing was utilized, or if the plot takes in additional area which was included perhaps for reasons of respect and reverence, to facilitate access, to maintain an area beside the graves for memorial services, or from just plain inefficient use of space at a time when cemetery space was seen as plentiful... there could a hundred or less burials represented. To the observer today there are no mounds or indentations in the ground's surface or any other indications of the actual burial arrangements at the site except the east/west alignment of the two markers (typical for Christian burials and consistent with the rest of the cemetery anyway) and the fence, which would have been erected at a time that the people involved could perhaps still see traces of the burial activities, but certainly that time would have been within the living memory of some of the people consulted or involved in erecting the perimeter fence... and though it is the main identifier of the area today and is presently in an advanced state of disrepair, when it was erected that iron fence around the plot undoubtedly represented a significant expenditure of effort and money and would not have been extended to enclose more area than there was purpose and meaning to enclose. If a range of 100 to 556 burials is considered inadequately specific, and a single number is to be estimated... that number could be cast as "perhaps about 150".
In spite of the lack of a local record of burial, surviving Confederate records can be searched for indications of particular soldiers having died at Quincy, Florida, and from those records can be derived a partial and fragmentary list of some of the soldiers who may be buried in Soldiers Cemetery. However as an additional caveat even to that... while the vast number of wartime casualties were buried in the very near vicinity of the place that they died, there are many cases known where families retrieved the bodies either near the time of death or later, and brought them home for burial. For many of the soldiers who died at Quincy home was not in or terribly near Quincy, but may have been within feasible transport distance and there is no reason at all to think that every Confederate soldier who died in Quincy is buried there... yet most likely the bulk of them were.
Autry, James C.1 - private April 5, 1863. - COMPANY G, 64th REGIMENT
Bedenbaugh, Drury David - private April 5, 1863. Died from measles in Quincy, Fla., hospital, June 30, 1863. Buried at Mount Zion Baptist Cemetery in Macon Co., Ga. - COMPANY G, 64th REGIMENT
Besinger, Joseph J. - private March 19, 1861. Died in General Hospital at Quincy, Fla., December 20, 1863. - COMPANY K, 1st REGIMENT GEORGIA REGULARS
Boss2, John W.N. - private February 26, 1863. Died in Quincy, Fla., hospital, July 5, 1863. - COMPANY K, 64th REGIMENT
Carswell, E. E. - private July 20, 1863. Died at Quincy, Fla., September 18, 1863. - COMPANY A, 66th REGIMENT
Freeman, John - private February 16, 1863. Died at Quincy, Fla., hospital, date not given. - COMPANY A, 64th REGIMENT
Howell, Stephen - private May 26, 1863. Died at Quincy, Fla., February 15, 1864, or September 1, 1863. - COMPANY F, 64th REGIMENT
Isham, James - private February 20, 1863. Died in Quincy, Fla., hospital in 1863. - COMPANY D, 64th REGIMENT
Jenkins, Benjamin P. - 2d Sergeant March 24, 1863. Contacted erysipelas and died at Quincy, Fla., December 13, 1863. - COMPANY I, 64th REGIMENT
Jordan, Seaborn (Seborn) - private May 1, 1863. Roll for August 1863, shows he was in Quincy, Fla., hospital since July 15, 1863. Died there of chronic diarrhoea September 19, 1863. - COMPANY K, 64th REGIMENT
Moulder, J. B. - private April 8, 1863. Died at Camp Cobb, Fla., July 20, 1863. - COMPANY B, 64th REGIMENT
Smallwood, James E. - private February 16, 1863. Sent to Quincy or Tallahassee, Fla., hospital, with typhoid fever and died there August 29, 1863. - COMPANY A, 64th REGIMENT
Smith, John R. - private February 16, 1863. Transferred to Co. C, in 1863. Died of fever at Quincy, Fla., August 1863. - COMPANY A, 64th REGIMENT
- private February 26, 1863. Died in Quincy,
Fla., hospital June 30, 1863. - COMPANY K, 64th REGIMENT
In addition, soldiers who were admitted to the hospital at Quincy, Florida, and for whom there is no further record include:
Byers, John A.- private August 31, 1861. Sick in Quincy, Fla. hospital February 24-April 30,1864. No later record. - COMPANY B, 23d REGIMENT
Dean, Moses - private April 8, 1863. Detailed in Quincy, Fla., hospital, June 1-September 17, 1863. Roll dated October 1864, last on file, shows him on furlough. No later record. - COMPANY B, 64th REGIMENT
Hair, James C. (or Haire) 3 - 3d Sergeant August 13, 1861. Wounded and disabled at Chickamauga, Ga. September 19, 1863. Roll for February 28, 1865, last on file, shows him in Quincy, Fla. hospital, wounded. No later record. - COMPANY D, 17th REGIMENT
Walker, Daniel J. - private January 3, 1864. Sent to General Hospital at Quincy, Fla. February 26, 1864. No later record. - COMPANY G, 1st REGIMENT GEORGIA REGULARS
Elisha Covington - private January 3, 1864. Sent to General
Hospital at Quincy, Fla. February 26, 1864. No later record.
- COMPANY G, 1st REGIMENT GEORGIA REGULARS
Compilation of these lists of Georgia troops who died, or may have died near or at Quincy, Florida, has been facilitated by conversion of Lillian Henderson's Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Georgia to CD ROM and by the extended text searching capabilities that provides. Lack of a similar CD for Florida's troops hinders rapid compilation of a similar list for Florida; however, efforts are being directed towards that end.
Georgia units known to have been stationed near Quincy, Florida, include:
At Camp Gardner (near Quincy) -
28th (Bonaud's) Battalion Georgia Siege Artillery
At Camp Lamar Cobb (one or two miles below Quincy in an old field convenient to a very bold spring) -
Georgia Infantry Regiment
66th Georgia Infantry Regiment
29th Georgia Cavalry Battalion
Echols' Light Artillery
At Camp Linton (on Mr. Linton's farm near Hammock's Landing on the Apalachicola River, sixteen miles below Quincy) -
12th Battalion Georgia Volunteers
29th Battalion Georgia Cavalry, Companies A, B, and C
At Camp Scott (near Quincy, six miles from the battery at Hammock's Landing, and about one mile from Mr. Hawkins' house) -
28th (Bonaud's) Battalion Georgia Siege Artillery
information is from William S. Smedlund, Camp
Fires of Georgia's Troops, 1861-1865,
Lithonia, Georgia, 1995.
1. The records of James C. Autry are mixed up with those of J.E. (John English) Autry in Soldiers of Georgia and in the Compiled Confederate Service Records; however an unapproved application from the widow of James C. Autry, to receive his enlistment bounty, indicates that he died in Quincy on 20 May 1863.
2. The last name is probably Bass.
3. James C.
Haire is known to have survived and to have lived in Thomas County, Georgia,
after the war.
page was created on 22 October 2000.
Revised 29 October 2000.
Revised 20 April 2003.
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